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Zagreb, December 4, 2015
ROUND TABLE "Climate, soil, water and agriculture"

Croatian Agrometeorological Society and the Section of the Climate of the Scientific Council for Environmental Protection of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts are organizing Round table entitled "Climate, soil, water and agriculture" on the occasion of the World Soil Day and the International Year of Soils. The gathering will be held in the Library of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts at Strossmayer Square 14, Zagreb, in Friday, December 4, 2015 at 10 h.

 

OPENING

10.00 – 10.20

 

 

RECENT CLIMATE CHANGE AND SIMULATIONS OF FUTURE CLIMATE

Prof. Branko Grisogono,

Department of Geophysics, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb

10.20 – 10.40

 

 

RESULTS OF AGRMOETEOROLOGICAL RESEARCHS FOCUSED

TO THE NEEDS OF MODERN AGRICULTURE 

Dr. Višnja Vučetić,

Meteorological and Hydrological Service

10.40 – 11.00

 

 

VULNERABLE AREAS OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION DUE

TO EXTREME SOIL TEMPERATURES IN CROATIA     

Petra Sviličić, mag. phys.-geophys.,

Meteorological and Hydrological Service

11.00 – 11.20

 

 

IMPORTANCE OF AGROMETEOROLOGICAL MEASUREMENTS IN

MANAGEMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES IN AGRICULTURAL

PRODUCTION                                                       

Prof. Davor Romić,

Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zagreb

11.20 – 11.40

 

 

DISSCUSION                                                                                    

11.40 – 12.10

 

Summary of the Round table “Climate, soil, water and agriculture”

A strategic issue of our time in each country is how to provide enough food to feed all the people knowing that there are more than a billion hungry people in the world. There is much of the disparity between developed and developing countries. More and more, we are witnessing climate change and extreme weather and climate disasters. Natural disasters are increasingly threatening agricultural production, so the public is increasingly interested in the current global warming, how reliable are temperature reconstructions in the past and which available predictions of temperature and climate by the end of this century are the best. The key message of the first lesson is that, with high spatial and temporal variations, recent global warming is a reality and it exceeds the amplitude and the speed of the natural changes in temperature over the last tens of thousands of years.

The first who respond to weather and climate change in the nature is plant life, therefore, agrometeorological research is especially important in linking the impact of climate and weather conditions in growing plants with monitoring of individual developmental stages of plants. Today, agrometeorological experts dispose with results of observed climate change and on the basis of them they estimate what awaits us with yields in the changed climate conditions. The purpose of these studies is to help modern agriculture in adapting to the new climate conditions and mitigating the effects of climate change. With agrometeorological models and climate change scenarios it is possible to estimate the yields of agricultural crops by the end of this century, which will be shown in the second lecture. In addition to weather and climatic conditions, temperature conditions prevailing in the soil are also important for the growth and development of plants. All physical and biochemical and biological processes that take place in the soil depend on the heat. Since radiation of the surface heats the surrounding air base, it is important to determine the temperature regime in the shallower and deeper layers of the soil. In particular, it is necessary to determine the vulnerable areas of agricultural production due to the high and low soil temperature, which will be shown in the third lecture.

The last lecture will show how agrometeorological measurements in plantations help in taking appropriate agricultural measures. At the experimental station in vineyards and olive groves near Šibenik, the water is managed properly during the irrigation by taking into account the measured values of individual meteorological elements. The results showed that the proper management of water positively influence the growth and development of vines and olive trees and also on the yield and quality of grapes and fruit trees.
From these lectures it can be concluded that nothing should be left to chance, moreover agricultural production should be strictly planned. It is necessary to bring closer all agrometeorological research and knowledge to the public and show how agrometeorology can help modern agriculture in food production.

 

LECTURERS CV-S:

Prof. Branko Grisogono

He is a full professor with tenure at the Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb. He graduated from the same faculty in 1983 and got master's degree in 1987, received his doctorate in physics in 1992 at the Desert Research Institute, Reno, NV, USA, is an associate professor at the University of Uppsala and then at the University of Stockholm, Sweden, between 1996 and 1997 to 2003, when he returned to Zagreb after 15 years abroad. He has published more than 60 peer-reviewed scientific papers mainly in magazines above-average impact factor in atmospheric physics or in meteorology (his total impact factor in scientific journals is over 140, and was quoted over 1,000 times, depending on the database). His narrow field of work are atmospheric waves and turbulence; in the application of the profession it is mostly reduced to the mountainous and coastal meteorology. He is one of the most cited Croatian geophysicists. He was a member of the editorial boards of several international journals, reviewed over one hundred scientific papers and projects and participated in some 30 doctoral committees in 7 countries, teaches at several university courses in dynamic meteorology, led up to 10 doctoral and 40 diploma or master of science and introduced several new scientific approaches to the issue of mesoscale and microscale meteorology i.e. in geophysical fluid dynamics.

 

Dr. Višnja Vučetić

She graduated at the direction of Meteorology in 1981 and Geophysics in 1982 at the Department of Geophysics, Faculty of Science of University of Zagreb. At the same university she got her master's degree in 1991 and received doctorate in 2011. Since 1982 she works in the Meteorological and Hydrological Service, and currently is head of the Department of Agrometeorology. Since the beginning of her work she is involved in scientific research at national and international projects with various topics: the mechanism of bura wind and wind energy in the Adriatic, monitoring climate change and its impact on agricultural production in continental Croatia and the protection of forests against fire. Since 2006, she is Croatia's representative in the Commission for Agrometeorology (CAgM) of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), and from 2010 to 2014 she worked in the Expert Team of CAgM. She has led a number of programs in applied meteorology and climatology for the needs of different economy branches. As a visiting lecturer, she has held the course Agroclimatology at the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zagreb. She has published 100 scientific papers, and was co-mentor for 12 diploma thesis in filed of agrometeorology. She performed various functions in the Croatian Meteorological Society, Croatian Ecological Society, Croatian Natural History Society, and initiated the establishment of Croatian Agrometeorological Society, of which is the president, and participated in the establishment of the Global Federation of Agrometeorological Societies and in that way is popularizing Meteorology and Agrometeorology.

 

Petra Sviličić, mag. phys.-geophys.

She graduated in 2012 at the Department of Geophysics, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, on the topic of climate change projections in Europe with respect to one of the scenarios of greenhouse gas emissions. Since 2013 she works at the Department of Agrometeorology within the Department of Meteorological Research and Development of the Meteorological and Hydrological Service. Her main area of research interest is extreme soil temperatures in Croatia. In collaboration with colleagues she published research paper on that theme in CC journal Theoretical and Applied Climatology in 2015 entitled Soil temperature regime and vulnerability due to extreme soil temperatures in Croatia. She is a member of the Croatian Meteorological Society and the Croatian Agrometeorological Society.

 

Prof. Davor Romić

He graduated in 1982 at the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zagreb, where he received his master's degree in 1991 and doctorate in 1994. In scientific work he has been exploring the use and distribution of water in agriculture, water management in crop production and intensively used ecosystems and salinization and the impact of irrigation on the environment, monitoring of the quality of soil, pollution of heavy metals and the development of strategies for monitoring and management of water and land. He holds several courses at the undergraduate and graduate levels, and since 2014 is a full professor with tenure in the Department of Soil Amelioration. In the meantime, he was scientifically improving at many foreign universities. He led many national and international scientific and professional projects. Is author of several books and textbooks and has published a number of original works in CC journals and other journals. Among other members, is a longtime member of the Committee for Geochemistry of HAZU, Croatian Society of Soil Science and Croatian Agrometeorological Society.

 

HAgMD @ 2014.